Let’s share the similarities first.
- Both practises are Sunnah Muaqaddah. Sunnah Muaqaddah means that it is highly encourage practise by the Prophets. Some Ulamas says it is almost to compulsory (wajib). Other examples of Sunnah Muaqaddah are Marriages. Marriage is highly encourage in our religion so that our Ummah will continue to grow and our religion spread down the generations. Same with Aqiqah and Qurban, if this is not practise, how will the future generations know of this practise and continue it.
- It involves slaughtering of animals – goat, sheep, cattle, camels and so on. The slaughtering process should follow the Islamic way of slaughtering which is to cut the throat of the animal and let the blood flow out of the animal until it dies. The blood that flows out will also contain the dirty elements that needs to be removed from the animal to make it Halal for consumption. This explanation can go even more detail but that is for another time.
- Both sunnah can be performed for children and adults. Aqiqah can be performed for an adult who has not done it before. In the case that the family cannot afford to perform Aqiqah, this can be delayed. This person can have a choice to perform Aqiqah for themselves when they have turn to adults. Another blessed time for such person to perform Aqiqah is during the Qurban period. As for children, there is no need for parents to wait for child to turn to puberty to perform Qurban. Parents can perform Qurban on for their children.
- One must be able to afford it. The price of live stock is not cheap as we know it, lowest can be from $200 SGD for a sheep to thousands of dollars for Cows and Camels. One needs to be able to afford it.
Now let’s share the differences
- Aqiqah is performed only once in a lifetime. Where as Qurban can be performed on an annual basis.
- There is a time period for Qurban – 10, 11, 12 and 13 Zulhijjah of the Hijri Calendar which is also known as the Tashrik days. On the 10th of Zulhijjah ( Eiduladha ), the first Qurban can only be performed after the Eid prayers. ( Technically they have about 3 1/2 days to perform the Qurban as the start of a new Islamic day begins after Maghrib. All slaughtering should conclude on the 13th Zulhijjah by Maghrib.Aqiqah can be performed all year round. The Sunnah and common practise encouraged by our Prophet is 7, 14 and 21 days after a child is born.
- Aqiqah meat needs to be cooked before distribution. Cooked either by yourself or you can assign someone else to cook for you. Qurban meat can be distributed raw.
- Qurban can be willed. You may mention this to your children to perform Qurban after you pass on. Aqiqah cannot be willed as it should be done in a person’s life time.
So we hope the above information gives you a better understanding of Aqiqah and Qurban.
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